His Execllency Mr. J. Biden, president of United States of America

The Hague, 23 February 2022,

To:
His Execllency Mr. J. Biden, president of United States of America,

With House, Washtington DC
USA

His Execllency Mr. J. Biden

From the start of 20th century, Afghan kingdom kept gold, bonds and currency in the US Federal Reserve Bank as back up for Afghan currency (Afghani). The amount of which grew higher during the last two decades. A remarkable amount of current assets came from foreign exchange funds that accumulated over the past 20 years. Half a billion of it is deposits of the ordinary Afghans and businessmen trusted by commercial banks to Afghanistan Central Bank.

When the pro-US Afghan government dissolved on 15 August 2021, it left behind more than $7 billion in central bank assets on deposit at the Federal Reserve Bank in New York. Another three billion was put on deposit in Banks in Germany, Switzerland, Qatar and United Arab Emirates.  Because it was no longer clear who — if anyone — had legal authority to gain access to those accounts, the Federal Reserve bank made the funds unavailable for withdrawal. Banks in Germany, Switzerland, the United Arab Emirates and Qatar followed suit. This move was understandable because it was a safeguarding measure to protect the assets of Afghanistan.

On Feb. 11th 2022, you, as US president issued an executive order  invoking emergency powers to freeze all $7 kept in New York. The administration said, it would ask a judge for permission to move $3.5 billion to a trust fund it would set up to support the needs of the Afghan people, like for humanitarian relief. In the meantime, you started to clear a legal path for certain relatives of victims of the Sept. 11, 2001 attacks to pursue $3.5 billion from the 7-billion-dollar assets of Afghanistan Central Bank. 

Your decision on expenditure of national assets of Afghanistan is not acceptable to the people of Afghanistan. It is unusual and controversial. FAROE, a platform of tens of Afghan social-cultural organizations of Afghans residing in Europe, decided to join the protest of the people of Afghanistan demanding reconsidering this decision by you, Mr. president. European Afghans expect also European Union and its Member States to stand with the people of Afghanistan and criticize president Bidens decision on this issue.

Why Afghan Europeans oppose this decision:

  • Afghan assets in Federal Reserve Bank and in banks in other 4 countries belong to the people of Afghanistan, not to the Taliban. A big part of these assets kept in Fed, since the 50s, when Afghanistan a kingdom was. That was long before the Taliban project was designed by the CIA and implemented in 1993 by Pakistan.
  • Mr. Biden’s executive order on partition and expenditure of the assets belonging to another nation, on US soil, is highly unusual and contradicts all legal norms, customary international laws, and general standards of ethics.
  • To give the assets of one of the poorest countries in the World to the victims of a terrorist attack planned and executed by 15 nationals of the oil rich Saudi Arabia, where no Afghan was involved. and the leader of this terrorist group was granted sanctuary by Pakistani Army in Abbottabad until his death in 2012, is an excessive reaction against a nation which have nothing to do with 9/11.
  • This executive order destroys the trust, a part of the population in Afghanistan had, in banking system and in the United States. The decision feeds the growth of anti-American sentiments the Taliban try to create.
  • The people of Afghanistan have been victimized and revictimized repeatedly by the Taliban from 1996 tell now. Using financial assets of these victims to pay the victims of 9/11 tragedy, is not justifiable. It will mean re-victimizing a nation, badly misunderstood by Mr. Biden.
  • Blocking the Afghan banking system from international banking system (SWIFT)brought the weak economy of Afghanistan in verge of collapse. Traders cannot pay or receive money. This measure can not affect the Taliban. They are used to illegal ways of transfer of money and relying on benefits from illicit business of drugs. As the experience of Iran and North Korea shows, economic sanction without a limited target, does not affect the dictators, but the ordinary people. We request the US president to target the Taliban, not the whole nation.  
  • Humanitarian crisis in Afghanistan started in 2020, has reached the phase of mass starvation which can result to destabilization, and a new wave of refugees if not addressed timely. Addressing this problem needs international solidarity and contribution by all rich countries. But FAROE opposes your decision to use 3,5 billion of the 7 billion kept in Fed for humanitarian relief. The USA, as former occupying power which used Afghan territory for war on terror, has a moral responsibility towards the people of Afghanistan who lost 250.000 of its sons in this war. Mr. President, you should help this people out of humanitarian crisis, but not by using their own national assets.
  • We do not ask for handing these assets over to the Taliban. We want you to let the assets sit untouched, gathering interest for years, until the Taliban lose power or change itself to a normal and legitimate government.

The World is responsible for what is happening in Afghanistan. If the USA sanctions the people of Afghanistan despite their sacrifices, they will lose its fait in the USA, a nation they respected in 2001 and did not resist its invasion. Afghanistan needs these assets for standing up after a crisis started in 1978 and continues now. To nihil these assets, will be an historic mistake and depriving Afghan nation from any chance of recovery.

With regards,

Mrs. Lona Wali, chairperson of FAROE

<<ترجمهٔ نامهٔ فارو به رئیس پارلمان اروپا بمناسبت <<روز های زنان افغان

<<ترجمهٔ نامهٔ فارو به رئیس پارلمان اروپا بمناسبت <<روز های زنان افغان

اول فبروری ۲۰۲۲

موضوع : حقوق بنیادی مردم افغانستان منجمله حقوق اساسی و انسانی زنان که بیش از نصف جامعه افغانستان است 

قابل توجه:  

جلالتماب روبرتا متسولا رئیس  پارلمان اروپا 

کاپی: جلالتمآب جوزپ بورل فونتله نمایندهٔ ارشد اتحادیهٔ اروپا برای امور روابط خارجی و امنیت 

محترمه خانم روبرتا متسولا رئیس پارلمان اتحادیه اروپا 

نخست از همه انتخاب شما را در پُست ریاست پارلمان اتحادیهٔ اروپا به شما صمیمانه تبریک گفته و موفقیت تان را در این پُست مهم خواهانم. فدراسیون سازمانهای افغانهای مقیم اروپا پلاتفرم همکاری ده نهاد اجتماعی، فرهنگی و دادخواهی متعلق به افغانهای مقیم اروپا است که طی ۲۰ سال گذشته فعالیتهای زیادی نه تنها در ساحهٔ  زیست باهمی و سهم گیری پناهندگان و افغانهای مقیم اروپا در زندگی اجتماعی دول عضو این اتحادیه پرداخته بلکه درحد توان در ساحات مردم سالاری و حقوق بشر تحولات داخل افغانستان را نیز تعقیب نموده و با برگزاری کنفرانس ها و سمینار ها زمینهٔ تبادل نظرمیان افغانهای مقیم اروپا  و انتقال تجارب متخصصین افغان به داخل کشوررا  نیز با نگاه مسولانه ترغیب نموده است.  

فارو از ابتکار جلالتمآب شما  برای برگزاری و تدویر نشست ” روز های زنان افغان” که در روزهای اول و دوم فبروری ۲۰۲۲ برنامه ریزی شده است، استقبال میکند و توجه شما،  شرکت کنندگان این نشست ها و مسئولین اتحادیه اروپائی را به ضرورت اقدامات عاجل و استفاده از همه امکانات اتحادیهٔ اروپا برای گرفتن تعهد رسمی از طالبان برای تضمین حقوق اساسی مردم و بخصوص زنان افغانستان جلب میکند..  

ما یقین داریم که شما از اوضاع ناگوار و فقدان امنیت فردی اقشار مختلف چون زنان فعال و اعتراض کننده، هنرمندان،  کارکنان نظامی و امنیتی رژیم قبلی،  از زمان غضب قدرت توسط طالبان بتاریخ ۱۵ اگست مطلع هستید. فدراسیون سازمانهای افغانهای مقیم اروپا بحیث بخش متشکل  بیش از ۵۰۰ هزار افغان مقیم اروپا، اوضاع داخل کشور را با نگرانی شدید تعقیب میکند.  امیدواریم با پیشنهادهای زیردر یافتن راه حل مناسب که بتوانند غاصبین حاکمیت در افغانستان را مهار سازد سهم خویش را ادا نمائیم. 

پیشنهاد ها:  

طالبان با نقص صریح حقوق بشر، بویژه مواد اول، دوم، سوم، پنجم، نهم و دوازدهم و بسیاری از مفاد اعلامیه جهانی حقوق بشر و کنواسیونهای الحاقی ، باعث محروم ساختن زنان و دختران از حقوق بنیادی و انسانی شان مانند تحصیل، کار، مسافرت، ورزش، هنر، تجارت و حضور در زندگی اجتماعی گردیده، نیمی از جامعه را محکوم به نشستن در چهاردیوار خانهٔ میسازد. تأثیرات منفی این نوع پالیسی در برابر زنان نه تنها برای نسل جوان کنونی زنان افغان فاجعه بار است، بلکه تأثیرات ناگوار بر اقتصاد خانواده ها و حالت روحی زنان و اطفال در خانواده داشته،  در طولانی مدت میتواند بر زندگی نسل های آینده تأثیرات مُخرب داشته باشد. این وضع باید برای ما در اروپا غیر قابل قبول باشد.  

انتظارمیرود که دفتر اتحادیه اروپا که فعلا در کابل مستقر گردیده در همکاری با یونما یک کمیته حقیقت یاب راجهت شناسائی جنایت های انجام شده توسط افراد مسلح طالبان، بخصوص سرکوب جنبش خود جوش زنان در کابل، جلال آباد، هرات، غزنی، مزار شریف، قندهارو آزار و اخطاربه خانواده هایشان ایجاد نماید. جنببش خودجوش زنان کابل که متعاقب غضب قدرت توسط طالبان آغاز یافت، با جوش و خروش تا  ده روز قبل علیرغم  تهدید و ارعاب جریان داشت ولی طالبان توانستند با استفاده از سپری مُرچ و زندانی ساختن عده ای ازدختران معترض و خانواده های شان، این اعتراضات راخاموش سازند. حمله برژورنالیستها که معنی حمله بر آزادی بیان را دارد، نیزشدت گرفته است. کمسیون حقیقت یاب میتواند در این زمینهٔ حمله برکارمندان رسانه ها و زندانی ژورنالیست ها، فعالین حقوق بشر و جامعهٔ مدنی  کار مؤثرانجام دهد.  

با توجه به آنچه اکنون جریان دارد خوف آن وجود دارد که طالبان افغانستان را مانند دوران حاکمیت حزب دموکراتیک خلق افغانستان به صحنهٔ  ادامه همان سیاست سر کوب، زندان اعمال شکنجه، ارعاب وایجاد وحشت با وسعت کل افغانستان مبدل سازند.  لذا انتظار میرود که اتحادیه اروپا با تمام ابزار های که در دست دارند، تا زمانیکه  حاکمیت طالبان حقوق بشری افغانها، بخصوص حقوق زنان را تضمین کنند و با برگزاری انتخابات دموکراتیک برای تعین نظام سیاسی آینده موافقت نکنند،  نباید برسمیت شناخته شود. 

از اروپا انتظار میرود تا با رعایت ممنوعیت پرواز اشخاص مشمول لیست سیاه تروریسم ملل متحد در فضای هوائی اتحادیه اروپا، که یکی از دست آوردهای مبارزه با تروریزم است، تفاوت خود را با کشور هائی چون روسیه و پاکستان به نمایش گذارند. سفر انس حقانی مشاور ارشد وزرات داخله کابل و برادر سراج الدین حقانی که مسؤلیت ارتکاب ده ها عملیات و کشتار جمعی نه تنها قتل افغانها بلکه صد ها سرباز و امداد گران اروپائی را نیز بدوش گرفته اند، به ناروی و اشتراک او در نشست ها با سیاسیون اروپا شدیدا نگران کننده است.  

فارو با تاکید بر خواسته های جامعه مدنی و زنان شرکت کننده در کنفرانس اوسلو، بخصوص از خواسته بر حق آنها مبنی بر تشکیل کمسیون مستقل نظارت با صلاحیت در تعامل و همکاری میان دفتر اتحادیه اروپا که فعلا در کابل مستقر گردیده و یوناما متشکل از خانواده های متضرر و قربانیان جنایتها و نمایندگان مردم و سازمانهای حقوق بشری پشتیبانی میکند. این کمسیون میتواند  برای کنترل زندانهای طالبان، دیدار با زندانی های سیاسی، عقیدتی، جنسیتی و کمک درمستند سازی جنایات جنگی که در بیست سال گذشته و دروره بعد از ۱۵ اگست ۲۰۲۲  خاصتاُ بازداشت ها خود سرانه و قتلهای افراد ملکی، اعدامهای صحرائی، در شهر ها و روستا مؤثر واقع شوند.  

فدراسیون سازمانهای افغانهای مقیم اروپا (فارو) 

Excellency, Mrs. Roberta Metsola, president of the European Parliament

To: His Excellency, Mrs. Roberta Metsola, president of the European Parliament

Subject: “Afghan Women’s Day”  

Dear Mrs. Roberta Metsola,

Federation of Afghan Resident Organizations in Europe (FAROE) is a platform of tens of social and cultural organizations of European Afghans. FAROE has been active in various European countries for more than 20 years, in areas like asylum rights and social and political participation of Afghans in the social live of Member States of European Union. The organization, at the same time, has taken a responsible look at the developments inside Afghanistan and tried to contribute in the process of building democracy and human rights in Afghanistan by organizing conferences and seminars to involve Afghan diaspora in this process. 

It seems that the Taliban do not see the contradiction between their interpretation of Islam and the needs of 21stcentury Afghanistan. The group is trying to reshape Afghanistan according to their own ideology. They people of Afghanistan are not happy with this situation but can confront the violent Taliban with bare hands.  Only a group of educated women, grown in the democratic sphere of last two decades, resist the plans of the Taliban to deny Afghan women their civil, economic, and cultural rights. We are very proud of these young women. FAROE welcomed the initiative of Your Excellency and your European Parliament colleagues to hold the “Afghan Women’s Day” on the first and second of February 2022. This confirms the commitment of European Union towards Afghan women. The EU has repeatedly promised not to leave the people of Afghanistan in difficult times they experience since the Taliban seizure of power. 

Following are our suggestions on the occasion of “Afghan Women’s Day”:

  1. Taliban, with its explicit human rights violations, particularly breach of articles 1, 2, 3, 5, 9 and 12, of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, deprive the people, especially the women and young girls of Afghanistan from their fundamental human rights and social and economic rights such as education, work, travel, sport, art and trade. They attack and harass women protesters and journalists trying to cover their protest demonstrations. The Taliban authorities prosecute activist women, detain them without a legal reason and torcher them. This has caused pain and suffering for the families of protesting girls and this generation in general.
  2. 2. The Taliban promise a lot, particularly when they are talking with the West. But they continue repression of the people and deny them their rights. We suggest that the current UN reports mechanism should be upgraded to UN fact finding mission. European Union office currently stationed in Kabul, can collaborate with UNAMA, to establish a fact-finding committee to identify and monitor human rights abuses and other cruelties committed by Taliban gunmen, against the women protesters and other civilian in the country. 
  3. Repression of the spontaneous protest movement of women in Jalalabad, Herat, Ghazni, Mazar-e Sharif and Kandahar raised concern among the Afghan community in Europe and the greater part of the European people.  Since the Taliban’s occupation of Kabul, women’s protests have been launched until ten days ago, with threats and intimidation, the latest protests were silenced by the arrest of dozens of girls and members of their families, and the attack on the Media Federation yesterday was also a shock for the Afghan community in Europe. A UN fact finding mission can prevent or examine such violations by the Taliban. 
  4. 3. European Union is expected to use its all power to continue political and diplomatic pressure on Taliban. Before Oslo meeting there was some rumors about possible recognition of the Taliban government by the West. Fortunately, it did not happen, but Afghans showed dissatisfaction about it in social media. The West should not give away this effective instrument. At least not before realization of the right of education, work and political rights of women and ensuring the rights of minorities by insisting on elected government. 
  5. 4. Ban on the flight of the by UN blacklisted terrorists in EU airspace: Europe as the center and starting point of current-World civilization has a moral duty to insist on application of the common decisions taken by the UN Security Council concerning bans on blacklisted terrorist organizations and persons. Afghan community living in Europe is strongly concerned about the visit of Anas Haqqani, senior advisor to his brother Sirajuddin Haqqani the leader of infamous Haqani Network and minister of interior, responsible for dozens of operations and mass murders of not only Afghans, but also hundreds of NATO soldiers and aid workers. 
  6. FAROE underlines the demands of women participating on behalf of protest-women in the Oslo meetings concerning formation of an independent commission of qualified observers by the UNAMA and the European Union Office, based in Kabul. The commission should include affected families and victims of crimes, and representatives of the people and human rights organizations to monitor the Taliban’s behavior, to control Taliban prisons, to meet with ideological, gender-based political prisoners. 
  7. It is important not tot forget supporting the International Criminal Court by insisting on Investigating war crimes committed since 2003, the year of membership of Afghanistan in ICC. It is impossible to get real and sustainable peace, without justice for the victims and their families. 

External Relations Committee of 

Federation of Afghan Resident Organizations in Europe

Afghan Women’s Day

The Hague, 1st February 2022

To: His Excellency, Mr. Josep Borrell Fontellesthe High Representative of European Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy

Twitter: @JosepBorellF

Subject: “Afghan Women’s Day”  

Dear Mr. Josep Borrell Fontelles,

Federation of Afghan Resident Organizations in Europe (FAROE) is a platform of tens of social and cultural organizations of European Afghans. FAROE has been active in various European countries for more than 20 years, in areas like asylum rights and social and political participation of Afghans in the social live of Member States of European Union. The organization, at the same time, has taken a responsible look at the developments inside Afghanistan and tried to contribute in the process of building democracy and human rights in Afghanistan by organizing conferences and seminars to involve Afghan diaspora in this process. 

It seems that the Taliban do not see the contradiction between their interpretation of Islam and the needs of 21stcentury Afghanistan. The group is trying to reshape Afghanistan according to their own ideology. They people of Afghanistan are not happy with this situation but can confront the violent Taliban with bare hands.  Only a group of educated women, grown in the democratic sphere of last two decades, resist the plans of the Taliban to deny Afghan women their civil, economic, and cultural rights. We are very proud of these young women. FAROE welcomed the initiative of Your Excellency and your European Parliament colleagues to hold the “Afghan Women’s Day” on the first and second of February 2022. This confirms the commitment of European Union towards Afghan women. The EU has repeatedly promised not to leave the people of Afghanistan in difficult times they experience since the Taliban seizure of power. 

Following are our suggestions sent on by EU organized  “Afghan Women’s Day”:

  1. Taliban, with its explicit human rights violations, particularly breach of articles 1, 2, 3, 5, 9 and 12, of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, deprive the people, especially the women and young girls of Afghanistan from their fundamental human rights and social and economic rights such as education, work, travel, sport, art and trade. They attack and harass women protesters and journalists trying to cover their protest demonstrations. The Taliban authorities prosecute activist women, detain them without a legal reason and torcher them. This has caused pain and suffering for the families of protesting girls and this generation in general.
  2. The Taliban promise a lot, particularly when they are talking with the West. But they continue repression of the people and deny them their rights. We suggest that the current UN reports mechanism should be upgraded to UN fact finding mission. European Union office currently stationed in Kabul, can collaborate with UNAMA, to establish a fact-finding committee to identify and monitor human rights abuses and other cruelties committed by Taliban gunmen, against the women protesters and other civilian in the country. 
  3. Repression of the spontaneous protest movement of women in Jalalabad, Herat, Ghazni, Mazar-e Sharif and Kandahar raised concern among the Afghan community in Europe and the greater part of the European people.  Since the Taliban’s occupation of Kabul, women’s protests have been launched until ten days ago, with threats and intimidation, the latest protests were silenced by the arrest of dozens of girls and members of their families, and the attack on the Media Federation yesterday was also a shock for the Afghan community in Europe. A UN fact finding mission can prevent or examine such violations by the Taliban. 
  4. European Union is expected to use its all power to continue political and diplomatic pressure on Taliban. Before Oslo meeting there was some rumors about possible recognition of the Taliban government by the West. Fortunately, it did not happen, but Afghans showed dissatisfaction about it in social media. The West should not give away this effective instrument. At least not before realization of the right of education, work and political rights of women and ensuring the rights of minorities by insisting on elected government. 
  5. Ban on the flight of the by UN blacklisted terrorists in EU airspace: Europe as the center and starting point of current-World civilization has a moral duty to insist on application of the common decisions taken by the UN Security Council concerning bans on blacklisted terrorist organizations and persons. Afghan community living in Europe is strongly concerned about the visit of Anas Haqqani, senior advisor to his brother Sirajuddin Haqqani the leader of infamous Haqani Network and minister of interior, responsible for dozens of operations and mass murders of not only Afghans, but also hundreds of NATO soldiers and aid workers. 
  6. FAROE underlines the demands of women participating on behalf of protest-women in the Oslo meetings concerning formation of an independent commission of qualified observers by the UNAMA and the European Union Office, based in Kabul. The commission should include affected families and victims of crimes, and representatives of the people and human rights organizations to monitor the Taliban’s behavior, to control Taliban prisons, to meet with ideological, gender-based political prisoners. 
  7. It is important not tot forget supporting the International Criminal Court by insisting on Investigating war crimes committed since 2003, the year of membership of Afghanistan in ICC. It is impossible to get real and sustainable peace, without justice for the victims and their families. 

External Relations Committee of 

Federation of Afghan Resident Organizations in Europe